conscious of its interests and power. This will serve to convert a class of worker, which has been used by the capitalist class to defeat organized labor, into an ardent, class-conscious, intelligent, militant group."
Although critics blamed the National Association for spreading "Bolshevik" propaganda that, they alleged, aroused the Negro "discontent" that led to riots in 1919, Randolph answered them in no uncertain terms.
"The unrest grows out of the unjust conditions in this alleged land of the free and home of the brave. They are the true bolshevik propaganda," he wrote.
"Negroes are disfranchised. They don't like that. . . . Negroes are lynched—one every four days. . . . Negroes are in peonage and on convict farms in the South. This is a violation of the thirteenth amendment to the Constitution. . . . Negroes are Jim-Crowed and made to ride like cattle on the Government controlled railroads of the United States. This is unjust and undemocratic. It creates discontent. . . . They are the true bolshevik propaganda. Without the conditions the agitator could not exist."